China eyes world-class armed forces amid US’ unilateral policies

The Chinese government has released a new white paper on national defense. It is the 10th since 1998 and the first comprehensive white paper since 2012.

It was noted in the defense white paper that China’s national defense aims: to deter and resist aggression; to safeguard national political security, the people’s security and social stability; to oppose and contain “Taiwan independence”; to crack down on proponents of separatist movements such as “Tibet independence” and the creation of “East Turkistan”; to safeguard national sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity and security; to safeguard China’s maritime rights and interests; to safeguard China’s security interests in outer space, electromagnetic space and cyberspace; to safeguard China’s overseas interests; and to support the sustainable development of the country.

“To respond to the security threats facing the country, China’s armed forces take solid steps to strengthen military preparedness and comprehensively enhance combat capabilities for the new era,” says in the paper.

It added that “China is always committed to a nuclear policy of no first use of nuclear weapons at any time and under any circumstances, and not using or threatening to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon states or nuclear-weapon-free zones unconditionally.”

It noted that one of the ultimate goal of China’s national defense and armed forces is “to fully transform the people’s armed forces into world-class forces by the mid-21st century.”

“China firmly believes that hegemony and expansion are doomed to failure, and security and prosperity shall be shared,” says in the white paper.

However, it further said that “China’s armed forces have the determination, confidence and capability to prevail over all threats and challenges.” 

It also noted that “the US has adjusted its national security and defense strategies, and adopted unilateral policies. It has provoked and intensified competition among major countries, significantly increased its defense expenditure, pushed for additional capacity in nuclear, outer space, cyber and missile defense, and undermined global strategic stability.”