Department of Health (DOH) Secretary Francisco T. Duque III today declared a leptospirosis outbreak in the National Capital Region.
“From January 1 to July 3, 2018, a total of 368 leptospirosis cases, with 52 (CFR=14%) deaths, has been reported from Metro Manila,” DOH said.
DOH said reported cases clustered and exceeded the epidemic threshold in the following cities from June 10 to July 3 of this year:Quezon City (40 cases in 9 barangay), Taguig (16 cases in 4 barangay), Paranaque (6 in 2 barangay), and Pasig (4 in 1 barangay).
It added that three cities are advised to be on alert as cases are noted to cluster and risk of increase is high: Navotas (3 in 1 barangay), Mandaluyong (3 in 1 barangay), and Malabon (3 in 1 barangay).
DOH said it has alerted the hospitals in the region to be prepared to admit and manage cases and appropriately refer them to specialty hospitals, if needed.
“Detection and reporting of cases were enhanced in health centers and hospitals. Additional medical personnel were deployed to the National Kidney and Transplant Institute along with drugs and medicines needed for treatment of cases,” it added.
DOH reminded that leptospirosis can be acquired by exposure to flood water, mud or food contaminated by urine of infected animals such as rats, pigs, dogs, cattle and goats.
“Cases usually present with flu-like symptoms, followed by leg pain. Severe cases may experience yellowish discoloration of the eyes and skin and tea-colored urine. Untreated cases may lead to kidney failure or death,” it added.
It also advised the public to avoid wading and walking in flooded and muddy areas and ensure that food are well cooked and stored.
“Patients with leptospirosis-like symptoms should be brought immediately to the nearest health care facility for proper diagnosis and treatment”, Secretary Duque emphasized.